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Understanding is a matter of being able to do a variety of thought-provoking things with a topic, such as explaining, finding evidence and examples, generalizing, applying, analogizing, and representing the topic in new ways.

Behaviorist and Constructivist Implications for Instruction

Behaviorist and Constructivist Implications for Instruction
Design Element Behaviorist-objectivist Cognitive-constructivist
Perspective on learning


Reflection is an essential component in learning. Educators have understood for centuries that learners benefit from taking time to think, fit new concepts with ones stored in memory, consider their progress, and link ideas together in new ways. Reflection is what allows us to become wiser over time and allows for innovation, breakthroughs, and inventions. We typically reflect in thought during most of our waking hours, and some believe during sleep as well.

Here are a few tips to help you Improve your concentration


1. To enhance your concentration and powers of focus, count your steps when you walk. This is a particularly strong technique. Take six steps while taking a long inhale, hold your breath for another six steps, and then exhale for six steps. If six steps is too long for the breaths, do whatever you feel comfortable with. You will feel very alert, refreshed, internally quiet and centered after this exercise. So many people allow their minds to be filled with mental chatter. All peak performers appreciate the power of a quiet, clear mind which will concentrate steadily on all important tasks.


Advice for online teacher

Scenario: Professor Cannon, a faculty member who is new to online teaching, comes to you for advice.

She teaches two graduate courses on-campus, where the students seem to enjoy her lectures and find her perspective thought-provoking. 

In a 50-minute period, she usually lectures for about 40-45 minutes, leaving about 5-10 minutes for discussion. 

On occasion, especially before exams, she devotes the entire class period to discussion. 

The dean has asked her to convert one of the courses to an online format. 

Learner autonomy


One of the main concept in this week is the learner autonomy, its very wide and wonderful concept, i cant see before how the learner can choose his way to learn, how to choose his objectives, the comfortable way to get the instructions, how he can choose the best way to implement, practice or assess his knowledge, i think this respect for the learner decision could directly exercise him for better learning meta-cognitive skills, i think the allowance for learner to choose his comfortable type of instructions could produce better understanding.

Metacognitive Skills

One of the major concept in the previous week reading is the learning skills especially meta-cognitive skills, I really surprised when I thought of this concept and how that could support and enhance learning, I always saw the students did not know what is their goals for studying certain topic or course, how to plan for their learning, how to learn and how to evaluate their process.

when I was student I have not engaged in many topics and now I understood why, I can see how this topic will increase the students skills, how it will improve their outcomes when they know it.

eight core learning principles

#  Core Learning Principles Suggestions for the Instructor

Active involvement:
Learning requires the active,
constructive involvement of the learner

How people learn

We might sum up the new insights by looking at three key research findings  identified in the landmark book on How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience  and School (Bransford, Brown & Cocking, 2000):

Learning skills , approach and style.


In  this post i am trying to redefine the learning skills , styles and approach.

Learning skills: its about the competancies in knowing how to learn, and the two main important skills are :


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